12 gauge #4 shot (not to be confused with #4 buckshot) is cheap, low recoil, and is available pretty much everywhere. Is it effective for home defense, compared to other options, or best utilized for target practice and hunting small game? Using Remington 2 3/4″ #4 shot, we’ll fire a round into a ballistic gel block at 10 feet and look at the results.
The key point I’m trying to illustrate is whether or not this mid-range 12 gauge load has the potential to produce sufficient penetration, in volume, that could stop a viable threat in the home setting. We should understand that simply conveying to a threat the presence of a firearm can be a deterrent (a highly preferred outcome), but unfortunately this isn’t always the case with an individual or group determined to commit bodily harm, or worse.
I’m using Remington 2 3/4″ shells, 1 1/4 oz. shot, 1330 fps; approximately 125 pellets. Product number is SP124. This particular shell can be purchased in bulk at WalMart and numerous sporting goods outlets, plus online. Test gun is a Mossberg 590A1 Special Purpose with a 20″ barrel, cylinder bore choke.
November 2011 00 buckshot test: http://youtu.be/dbFLY9OIqPA
January 2012 Foster Slug test: http://youtu.be/7HuVkXLreWE
May 2012 birdshot test: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yIfilArIHlY
VERY IMPORTANT INFO REGARDING AMMO TESTS ON THIS CHANNEL:
Please understand that these techniques are merely representations to indicate possible ballistics; they are not intended to replicate real-world street results. There are just too many factors involved in a self-defense scenario to offer a 100% degree of accuracy when compared to street results. It is essential to perform exhaustive research on your carry choice, which could yield actual use data. The law-abiding citizen bears ultimate responsibility for their ammunition choice and insuring reliability in their firearm.
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