AK-47 Technical Data And Review

AK-47 Technical Data And Review

The evolution of the modern assault rifle began during World War II with the German development of the Sturmgewehr 44 (StG44).
Entering service in 1944, the StG44 provided German soldiers with the firepower of a submachine gun, but with better range and accuracy. Encountering the StG44 on the Eastern Front, Soviet forces began looking for a similar weapon. Utilizing the 7.62 x 39mm M1943 cartridge, Alexey Sudayev designed the AS-44 assault rifle. Tested in 1944, it was found to be too heavy for widespread use. With the failure of this design, the Red Army temporarily halted its search for an assault rifle.
In 1946, it returned to the issue and opened a new design competition. Among those who entered was Mikhail Kalashnikov. Wounded at the 1941 Battle of Bryansk, he had begun designing weapons during the war and had previously entered a design for a semi-automatic carbine. Though he lost this competition to Sergei Simonov’s SKS, he pushed forward with an assault weapon design that drew inspiration from the StG44 and the American M1 Garand.
Intended to be a reliable and rugged weapon, Kalashnikov’s design (AK-1 & AK-2) sufficiently impressed the judges to advance to the second round.
Testing progressed over the next two years with the Kalashnikov design winning the competition. As a result of this success, it moved to production under the designation AK-47.

Source : wikipedia.org